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Sheet Music: Score

Azadeh : for santur and tape / Andrián Pertout.

by Andrián Pertout (2004)

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  • Library Availability: 787.7/PER 1 — Available for loan
  • Instrumentation: Santur, accompanying CD.
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  • Audio Sample

    Performance by Qmars Piraglu from the CD Bénédiction d'un conquérant


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At the beginning of the twentieth century during the Pahlavi dynasty (1925-1979) we begin to see the resurgence of theoretical research into the Persian theory of intervals and scales. This ideological shift in affect being the impetus for three separate theories on intervals and scales of Persian music proposed in the twentieth century: the twenty-four quarter-tone (equally-tempered) scale proposed by Ali Naqi Vaziri in the 1920s, the alternative twenty-two-note scale proposed by Mehdi Barkešli in the 1940s based on Pythagorean principles, as well as the theory of the five primary intervals of performance practice presented by Hormoz Farhat in his 1990 publication The Dastgah Concept in Persian Music.

Azadeh for Santur and Tape - composed for Iranian santurist Qmars Piraglu (formerly Siamak Noory) - features the Persian santur (72-string box zither), and serves as a practical study of Persian tuning systems, with its presentation of both 'theoretical' and 'performance practice' tunings. Within the context of an analysis of the tuning methodology of performer Qmars Piraglu, an attempt is made to make comparisons not just with the three propositions outlined previously, but also with other existing alternative tuning systems. This discussion presented in order to generate a greater understanding of the musical processes that govern the theory of Persian intervals, at the same time disclosing some of the strategies employed in the general contemporary 'cross-cultural' compositional process.

Published by: Australian Music Centre — 1 facsimile score (46p. -- A4 (landscape))

Difficulty: Advanced — Professional.

Duration: 13 mins, 1 sec.

Commissioned by Qmars Piraglu.

First performance by Qmars Piraglu — 9 Feb 07. St Andrews on the Terrace, during the Asia Pacific Festival/26th ACL Festival & Conference, Wellington, New Zealand.

Composer's No. 389.

Includes extensive notes.

Inspired by the Persian theory of intervals and scales.

Typeset edition.

This edition produced Feb 05.

ISMN: M-67305-920-7

Related products

This work is also available in the following products:

CD: Unfenced / ACMA.

Bénédiction d'un conquérant
CD: Bénédiction d'un conquérant / Andrián Pertout.


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