Sheet Music: Score
Before the Flame Goes Out : Memorial to the Jewish Martyrs of Ioannina, Greece, for soprano, ondes martenot, violin, cello, piano & tape / Constantine Koukias.
by Constantine Koukias (2014)
The Jewish community of Ioannina in Northwest Greece is the only Romaniote population that survived the Holocaust in Europe. During the Byzantine period, Romaniotes were called the 'Greek-speaking Jews,' whose roots go all the way back to the Hellenistic period.
Ioannina Jews suffered from the successive foreign occupations of Greece. Under the Ottoman regime (1430- 1913), there were periods where the community flourished, such as during the Ali Pasha era.
Early in the twentieth century, the Ioannina Jews (numbering almost four thousand) were under immense pressure, due mainly to the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire. About forty percent of the Jewish community were forced to immigrate at that time, primarily to New York.
On March 25, 1944, 1870 Jews were arrested in Ioannina and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau to be exterminated. Only ninety-five survived and joined around seventy others who escaped capture by the German troops.
Published by: Australian Music Centre — 1 facsimile score (66p. -- B4 (landscape))
Duration: 60 min.
Picture 1. Ancient Voices of Ioannina, Greece -- Picture 2. The Serpent's Egg -- Picture 3. Prayer, The Light Side of The God -- Picture 4. 'Alors, C'est La Guerre,' Then, It Is War!-'Oxi' -- Picture 5. Ioannina Under Italian Occupation, May 1941 -- Picture 6. Ordnungspolizei-Morning, March 25, 1944 -- Picture 7. To Stare Into the Face of Absolute Evil -- Picture 8. The Dark Side of The God-Auschwitz-Birkenau By Train -- Picture 9. And Thus They Live Among Us Again -- Picture 10. Leaving the Soil of our Homeland-New York City.
First performance 2014. Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Includes program note and copy of text.
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